On the evening of December 1, Rosa Parks, an African American, was arrested for disobeying an Alabama law requiring black passengers to relinquish seats to white passengers when the bus was full. Blacks also were required to sit at the back of the bus.
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Her arrest sparked a day boycott of the Montgomery bus system and led to a Supreme Court decision banning segregation on public transportation. Quiet Strength: the faith, the hope, and the heart of a woman who changed a nation.
Reflections by Rosa Parks with Gregory J. House, Inshe married Raymond Parks and with his encouragement earned a high school diploma. While working as a seamstress, Mrs. Denied the right to vote on at least two occasions because of her race, Rosa Parks also worked with the Voters League in preparing blacks to register.
Following the Brown v. The success of the boycott mandated sustained action.
For the next year, the Montgomery Improvement Association coordinated the bus boycott and King, an eloquent young preacher, inspired those who refused to ride:. If we are wrong—the Supreme Court of this nation is wrong.
If we are wrong—God almighty is wrong! If we are wrong—Jesus of Nazareth was merely a utopian dreamer and never came down to earth. If we are wrong—justice is a lie. And we are determined here in Montgomery to work and fight until justice runs down like water and righteousness like a mighty stream.
During the boycott, King insisted that protestors retain the moral high ground, hinting at his later strategy of nonviolent resistance. This is not a war between the white and the Negro but a conflict between justice and injustice.
We must use the weapon of love. In December the Supreme Court banned segregation on public transportation and the boycott ended over a year after it had begun. Medal of FreedomRosa Parks has been awarded two-dozen honorary doctorates from universities around the world.
Rosa Parks died on October 24,at the age of ninety-two, at her home in Detroit, Michigan. On October 30,Parks became the first woman to lie in honor in the U. Capitol Rotunda. Stravinsky was the most important composer of ballet music in the twentieth century.
He rose to international fame in for his work with the Ballets Russesan innovative company founded in Paris by fellow Russian Sergei Diaghilev that launched the careers of major artists including dancers, choreographers, composers, and deers. Agon was among these. Some of the dances in Agonan abstract, plotless ballet for eight female and four male dancers, were suggested by a description of seventeenth-century French court dances.
Many of the manuals provide historical information on theatrical dance.
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Today in History - December 1. December 1. Select date. Listen to this. Rosa Parks Arrested On the evening of December 1, Rosa Parks, an African American, was arrested for disobeying an Alabama law requiring black passengers to relinquish seats to white passengers when the bus was full.
I did not get on the bus to get arrested; I got on the bus to go home. Woman Fingerprinted. Associated Press, [Feb.
Montgomery, Alabama, Bus Boycott. Montgomery AdvertiserDecember 6, Copyprint from microfilm. For the next year, the Montgomery Improvement Association coordinated the bus boycott and King, an eloquent young preacher, inspired those who refused to ride: If we are wrong—the Supreme Court of this nation is wrong.
Martin Luther King Jr. Return to text King Return to text. Consult the following online Research Guides: Brown v.
Learn more about this honor and access the text of Public Law: by reading the Bill Summary available through Congress. Review current civil rights legislation. Search Congress. The online exhibition The African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenshiphighlights a wide array of important and rare books, government documents, manuscripts, maps, musical scores, plays, films, and recordings related to African-American history and the struggle for civil rights.
Today in History features on the Fourteenth Amendment and Plessy v. Ferguson place the civil rights movement in context.
Willingness to contest discrimination in Montgomery, Alabama predates the s. Giles, appellant vs. Jeff Harris et al. Board at Fifty Search across the collections with photos, prints, and drawings on Montgomery to view images of the city.
Agonby Igor Stravinsky. Title of the holograph score for two pianos, Imagination Gallery A. American Treasures of the Library of Congress. Carl Van Vechten, photographer, Dec. Van Vechten Collection. Learn More Browse the occupational index of the Van Vechten Collection to locate more photographs of choreographerscomposersconductorsand dancers.
Today in history - december 1
The exhibition American Treasures of the Library of Congress includes several features on the performing arts. Igor Stravinsky and George Balanchine began their enduring creative partnership while working with the Ballets Russes.
The Library celebrated the centennial of the Ballets Russes in with an exhibition of related materials from the rich collections of the Music Division. View the Aaron Copland Collection which documents the life of this extraordinary composerperformer, teacher, writer, conductor, commentator, and administrator. Browse the Performing Arts Databases to find more materials, some digitized, on Balanchine, Stravinsky, and their contemporaries in the worlds of music and dance. Back to top.