The Battle of Fredericksburg on December 13,involved nearlycombatants, the largest concentration of troops in any Civil War battle.
Ambrose Burnside, the newly appointed commander of the Army of the Potomac, had ordered his more thantroops to cross the Rappahannock River, where they made a two-pronged attack on the right and left flanks of Robert E. Burnside turned it down both times—once after the failed Peninsula Campaign and again after the Confederate victory in the Second Battle of Bull Run Manassas —insisting that McClellan was the man for the job. On November 7 he removed McClellan from command and appointed the reluctant Burnside to his post.
Burnside may have doubted his own qualifications to command the Army of the Potomac, but he nonetheless acted quickly to move the large force into Virginia in an advance toward the Confederate capital of Richmond. By mid-November, he had moved two advance corps to Falmouth, located on the north bank of the Rappahannock River across from Fredericksburg.
Unfortunately for Burnside, the section of the Rappahannock near Falmouth was too deep to ford, so he was forced to wait for pontoon bridges to arrive in order to cross the river. By the time darkness fell, there had been no change in position. The Battle of Fredericksburg was a crushing defeat for the Union, whose soldiers fought courageously and well but fell victim to mismanagement by their generals, including confused orders from Burnside to Franklin.
Burnside accepted responsibility for the defeat, though many blamed Lincoln for pressuring him to go ahead with an impossible offensive. Led by Secretary of the Treasury Salmon Chase, the senators pressed Lincoln to reorganize his cabinet, and when he refused, Chase offered his reation.
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Seward had also offered to re, but Lincoln refused in both cases, smoothing over the cabinet crisis and deftly limiting the political repercussions of the defeat at Fredericksburg. At the head of a rejuvenated Army of Northern Virginia, Lee would follow up with an even more smashing success over a numerically superior Union force at Chancellorsville in May before launching a second invasion of the North through Pennsylvania. The horrific carnage and stunning Union defeat inspired many writers to transform what had transpired into words.
Over a century later, the Battle of Fredericksburg was the subject of Gods and Generalsa book by Jeff Shaara that was made into a film in Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Fought in It pitted Confederate General Robert E. Lee marched his Army of Northern Virginia into Pennsylvania in late Grant in the spring of The battles of Cold Harbor were two American Civil War engagements that took place about 10 miles northeast of Richmond, Virginia, the Confederate capital.
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The engagement began when about 35, Union troops marched In MayConfederate forces clashed with the advancing Union Army in the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, which lasted for the better part of two weeks and included some of the bloodiest fighting of the Civil War. After an indecisive battle in the dense Virginia woods Live TV. This Day In History. History Vault. Recommended for you.
Battle of Fredericksburg. Battle of Chancellorsville.
Battle of Shiloh. Battle of Stalingrad. Battle of Spotsylvania Court House In MayConfederate forces clashed with the advancing Union Army in the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, which lasted for the better part of two weeks and included some of the bloodiest fighting of the Civil War.