The first African American mayors were elected during Reconstruction in the Southern United States beginning about African Americans in the South were also elected to many local offices, such as sheriff or Justice of the Peaceand state offices such as legislatures as well as a smaller to Federal offices. After this period ended init became increasingly difficult for African Americans to compete in elections due to racial discrimination such as Jim Crow laws. After the end of the 19th century it generally was not until the s, they again began to be elected or appointed to mayoral positions following the achievements of the civil rights movement and passage of the Civil Rights Act of and Voting Rights Act of Achievements in African Americans' being elected mayor in majority- European American and other municipalities made their political participation one of daily life in many localities.
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The civil war amendments (passed )
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