LA County Library has reopened 80 library locations. Sidewalk Service remains available. T he Antelope Valley is a 3,square-mile high desert closed basin that straddles northern Los Angeles County and southern Kern County. One of nine California valleys with the same name, this one lies in the western Mojave high desert and includes the communities of Lancaster, Palmdale, Rosamond and Mojave. The establishment of the Fort Tejon military post near Castaic Lake and Grapevine Canyon created a gateway for valley traffic.
Today the Antelope Valley retains elements of its agricultural past but its economic base is now supported by aerospace and defense industries.
Among its founders was Indiana native Job Harriman, an idealistic and charismatic young lawyer who had unsuccessfully run on the first-ever Socialist Party platforms for Vice President in and mayor of Los Angeles in Llano del Rio was promoted nationally by the socialist magazine The Western Comradeand the dating thrived for several years-its population exceeding 1, people in until its long-term water supply was diverted by an earthquake fault.
In about participants moved the colony to Stables, Louisiana, a defunct lumber town, and renamed it New Llano. Despite numerous internal hurdles and external criticism, the culture for more than two decades made its mark as a social experiment. The Shea property, which also includes a Kitanemuk petroglyph site and a private airstrip, passed through many hands and is still privately owned today. Although there are no stage stations in the Palmdale Valley, almost any old building in our area might be touted as a Butterfield Stage station, even though miles from the actual route.
City of lancaster
Later stage lines, including local short lines, have been confused with the Butterfield which operated from to Founded inLittlerock is an agricultural town with approximately 12, residents, located in the foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains about 50 miles north of Los Angeles.
Development milestones continued into the early twentieth century with the opening of the first schoolhouse and the founding of the first library. Edwards, who died while test-piloting the experimental YB aircraft there on June 5, Learn more about Edwards Air Force Base. Historic photographs of the Antelope Valley can be found in a of locations.
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One major source is the Palmdale City Library:. Train service brought passengers through the whistlestop-turned-community, culture with the help of promotional literature quickly attracted new settlers. The following year, the Lancaster News started publication, making it the first dating newspaper in the Antelope Valley.
ByLancaster was bustling and booming, and thanks to ample rainfall farmers planted and sold thousands of acres of Palmdale and barley. The town was devastated by the decade-long drought that began inkilling businesses and driving cattle north, though fortunes improved somewhat in following the nearby discoveries of gold and borax, the latter to become a widespread industrial chemical and household cleaner.
Thanks to the five-year construction of the mile Los Angeles Aqueduct starting inLancaster became a boom town by housing aqueduct workers. The community began a steady growth spurt in the s, starting with construction of Muroc Air Force Base, frequent flight tests, and later space shuttle landings.
Lancaster was controlled politically by Los Angeles County untilwhen it was incorporated as a city. More information about Lancaster can be found in the following sources:. Learn more on the city of Lancaster. Palmdale, located approximately 60 miles northeast of Los Angeles, is the offspring of long-defunct Antelope Valley communities Palmenthal and Harold.
Palmenthal was founded in by westward Swiss and German settlers who in named their new community Palmenthal after mistaking the local Joshua trees for palm trees; initially prospering as grain and fruit growers, many settlers abandoned their homeste after drought decimated their crops and land scams prevented them from clearing their property titles.
Harold-also known as Alpine Station and Trejo Post Office-was founded at the junction of the Southern Pacific Railroad and what is now Barrel Springs Road; but it too went under after the railroad moved the site of its booster engine station north of town. Both abandoned communities blended into Palmdale, so-named inwhen residents tly relocated to a new site near the Southern Pacific railroad station and the stagecoach line between San Francisco and New Orleans. During the first quarter of the twentieth century, irrigation systems and dry farming techniques allowed Palmdale to flourish as an agricultural community known for its alfalfa, apples, and pears.
More information about Palmdale can be found in the following sources:. Learn more on the city of Palmdale.
Antelope valley vaccination site is open at palmdale oasis park!
In the early twentieth century, the Los Angeles Aqueduct was built as a way to provide much-needed water to rapidly-growing Los Angeles. It was the brainchild of William Mulholland, an Irish immigrant who worked his way up from ditch cleaner to become the chief engineer of the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power. It took until to complete the mile structure across mountains, hills, and desert, with some 6, men working round-the-clock as miners, laborers, and plasterers, using picks and shovels to dig trenches, drive tractors, put cement in place, and transport pipes.
The project revived the economy of Antelope Valley communities Lancaster, Mojave, Fairmont, and Elizabeth Lake, whose farms dating businesses had been decimated by culture decade-long drought beginning in Between the s and the late s, Palmdale were also plagued by jackrabbits, who reproduced and ate crops so quickly that they made it impossible for many farmers to stay in business; Evan Evans, a settler and county road superintendent, noted that the rabbits were so thick that at night the ground appeared to be moving.
To eradicate these pests, farmers held big jackrabbit drives in which horseback riders drove the rabbits into makeshift corrals, clubbed them to death, and then barbecued the meat; the events were considered a weekend sport that attracted locals and city folk who came by train from Los Angeles. Though communities such as Littlerock have retained their agricultural character, the Culture Valley has undergone tremendous change and growth in the second half of the twentieth century with a shift from agriculture to defense and aerospace development.
The big discovery occurred in at what was then called Live Oak Canyon when Francisco Lopez, stopping for lunch while Palmdale for stray cattle, pulled some wild onions and found flakes of gold clinging to their roots. However, in a more sustained fashion mining helped valley residents dating the drought between and the Great Depression of the s, though desert mining imposed numerous hardships that included high equipment costs, broken-down wagons, temperatures that swung between bone-chilling winters and scorching summers, fatal mine shaft accidents, a shortage of lumber for buildings and fuel for fires, looting in camps and supply stations, and lack of water.
Mining continues today in and around the Antelope Valley, where besides gold, silver, and copper, the ores and minerals extracted over the years include antimony, borax, calcium, chloride, feldspar, granite, gypsum, iron, lead, lime, limestone, Palmdale, potash, rotary mud, culture, silica, tungsten, uranium, dating rock, and zinc.
Tiburcio Vasquez was a legendary and much-feared s California outlaw who was considered a hero by Californios and a villain by the Anglo population. Born in to a wealthy and respected family in Monterey, Vasquez was a well-educated teenager with a poetic flair when, following a fight at a dance inhe and two other men were accused of killing a sheriff.
The only one of the three to escape a mob lynching, Vasquez opted to live a life of crime rather than obey mainstream laws. Imprisoned twice for petty theft and stealing horses, upon release he and former prisoners formed a gang and held up stagecoaches, stole horses, robbed cattle, and otherwise cut a wide criminal swath throughout central and southern California.
There, he found an ideal rock fortress near Agua Dulce springs-a spot known today as Vasquez Rocks Park-that he used as a hiding place by passing himself off as horse buyer Ricardo Cantuga.
More information about Tiburcio Vasquez can be found in the following sources:. Learn more about Tiburcio Vasquez. Florence Leontine Lowe Barnes, nicknamed Pancho, was a colorful and fiercely independent socialite who made her name as a pioneering female pilot. A life-changing experience occurred in Julywhen Pancho took her first flight out of Ross Airfield; the next week she bought a Travel Air aircraft and started taking flying lessons, and in September she made her first solo flight.
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From then on, flying became her passion and claim to fame, perhaps no surprise given her lineage as the granddaughter of Thaddeus S. Lowe, who during the Civil War commanded observation balloons for the Union Army.
Her fortunes took a bad turn during the s and s when the Air Force took her property for expansion and she suffered ill health, but circumstances improved about a decade before her death in Over the course of her eventful lifetime Pancho was also a barnstormer, movie stunt pilot and movie double, songwriter, and animal trainer. Valerie Bertinelli portrayed her in Pancho Barnesa made-for-television movie. Learn more about Pancho Barnes. The movie actor John Wayne-born in Winterset, Iowa, in as Marion Morrison-spent about two years of his childhood on a farm near Lancaster.
AsMarion attended the old Lancaster Grammar School on Lancaster Boulevard, though school records show he had poor attendance and at age 12 was promoted only to the third grade. Doc, unsuccessful at farming, soon returned to his original profession as a pharmacist in Glendale, where he moved his family.
Marion went on to attend the University of Southern California on a football scholarship and later became an actor who made more than films. He died of cancer in While living in Lancaster before relocating to Los Angeles inthe Gumm family lived in three houses, one near the high school and two on Cedar Avenue. She went on to become a prolific and versatile entertainer, whose oeuvre included 32 movies, one Academy award and two nominations, and thousands of theater, nightclub, television, and radio performances.
In her personal life she was beset with emotional problems, however, and she died in at age 47, apparently from an accidental sleeping pill overdose. Today it is hard to imagine large groups of Native Americans living off the land in the Antelope Valley.
Hundreds of years ago, however, the landscape of the Antelope Valley was very different. Vast plains of tall native bunch grass covered the valley floor and active springs and pools were plentiful.
The lush vegetation and abundant water supply supported many types of wildlife which are no longer found in the valley. Archaeological evidence from what appear to be several major village sites indicate that substantial s of Indians occupied the valley floor year round at one time. Major trade routes from the coast to the eastern Mojave and Southwest, as well as north-south routes from the Central Valley and Owens Valley to the Los Angeles Basin also crossed the Valley.
Archaeologists believe that Native Americans have been living in, or at least visiting, the Antelope Valley for at least 11, years before the present. Over time, many cultural groups have passed through the Valley and left their mark. The original inhabitants were Paleoindians. These peoples were probably hunters of large game animals that have since become extinct.
Among their weapons were spears with fluted projectile points. Little is known of the culture of these original people and only their artifacts survived. From to years ago, as the Ice Age ended, great lakes formed in the Valley.